CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2021 PDF For Maths, Science, English, Social Science (All Subjects Blueprint)

CBSE has declared a Class 10 Syllabus for the academic year 2021. Here is the Complete Syllabus of Class 10th for All subjects such as Maths, Science, English, Social Science, and all the other major subjects with a PDF file.

The syllabus for class 10 is officially given by the CBSE academic i.e., Students can view the CBSE syllabus subject wise and also, can download the CBSE class 10 syllabus in a PDF file.  The syllabus is also known as the CBSE curriculum. The curriculum includes the lessons and academic content to be taught to the students in the school. CBSE Syllabus also has the latest CBSE Class 10th blueprint for all subjects.

The CBSE syllabus for class 10th also includes the general instructions of learning, courses of study, subject-wise content, project, and assessment guidelines. The syllabus (curriculum) given by CBSE is based on “National Curriculum Framework-2005”. The objective of the syllabus and curriculum is to provide opportunities for students to achieve expertise in learning.

Social Science

CBSE Syllabus For Class 10 – All Subjects PDF (2021 Academic Year)

CBSE Class 10th Syllabus 2021 categorized into two areas first is Scholastic Areas and the second is Co-scholastic Areas. The major subjects of class 10 fall in Scholastic Areas. And additional subjects of class 10 fall in co-scholastic areas. The List has been given below for class 10 Subject 2021 at a glance.

Scholastic Areas:

  • Languages
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Social Science
  • Other Academic Elective Subjects
  • Skill Subjects

Co-scholastic Areas

  • Health and Physical Education
  • Work Experience
  • Art Education

Now, let’s describe the CBSE syllabus for Class 10 subject wise. Syllabus and curriculum for the subjects which are mentioned above in the list. Class 10 Syllabus for Mathematics, Science, Social Science, English, Hindi, etc.

Do you know the fact about CBSE Syllabus?

CBSE circulates the syllabus for Class 10th based on the Annual Board Examination and development and in cognitive learning of students.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Maths (2021)

CBSE has designed the Class 10th Maths syllabus to meet the objectives. Objectives of teaching maths such as Mathematical knowledge, develop mastery of Algebra, drawing skills, solving problem skills, the ability to think, analyze, logical development, etc.

The Course structure of Class 10th maths is divided into seven units. The table is given below describing Units and marks.

CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2021
Unit Unit Name Marks
I Number Systems 06
II Algebra 20
III Coordinate Geometry 06
IV Geometry 15
V Trigonometry 12
VI Mensuration 10
VII Statistics & Probability 11

In CBSE Class 10 Maths, each unit has several chapters. And there are a total of 15 chapters in Maths. Here is the table for Unit wise distribution of Maths chapters including the number periods.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths (2021) – Unit and Chapter-wise
Unit Name Chapter Name Periods
Number Systems Real Number 15
Algebra Polynomial 7
Pairs of Linear Equations in Two Variables 15
Quadratic Equations 15
Arithmetic Progressions 8
Coordinate Geometry Lines 14
Geometry Triangles 15
Circles 8
Constructions 8
Trigonometry Introduction to Trigonometry 10
Trigonometric Identities 15
Heights and Distances 8
Mensuration Areas Related To Circles 15
Surface Areas and Volumes 12
Statistics and Probability Statistics 18
Probability 10

Prescribed Books for CBSE Class 10 Maths

The following are the books and study material prescribed by CBSE for Class 10th maths.

  1. NCERT Publication – Mathematics Textbook for Class 10th
  2. NCERT Publication – Mathematics Exemplar Problems for Class 10th
  3. CBSE Publication – Mathematics Laboratory in Schools

Download PDF of CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus PDF

Here is the brief and complete CBSE 10th maths syllabus in PDF file. You can view it online or you can download the 10th Maths syllabus PDF file from Here:

In this PDF file of the Maths syllabus, there is the complete detail of Maths units and chapters along with the number of periods. The chapters are described as topic wise. Along with the 10th maths syllabus, there is Mathematics question papers design for the CBSE academic session 2021. This paper design will help students in their exam preparation.

cbse 10th 90+ Scorer Package

CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Science (2021)

The annual board examination of Class 10 Science is based on the entire syllabus issued by CBSE. The 10th class annual exam will be of 80 marks (Theory) and 20 marks shall be for Practical and Internal assessment. Theory and Practical with internal assessment is discussed in the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus.

The course structure of Class 10th science includes theory and practical. The Units and marks wise distribution is given in the table below.

Overview of Class 10 Science Syllabus 2021
Unit Unit Name Marks
I Chemical Substances (Nature and Behaviour) 25
II World of Living 23
III Natural Phenomena 12
IV Effects of Current 12
V Natural Resources 07

The Marks distribution for Class 10th Science:

Total Marks For Science Theory 80
Science Internal assessment 20
Marks Grand Total 100

The syllabus of Class 10 Science has 5 Units and each unit has a different number of chapters. And there is a total of 14 chapters in Science subject. The Unit and chapter wise distribution along with the number of periods is given below in the table.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Science (2021)
Unit Name Chapter Name Periods
Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour Chemical Reactions 55
Acids, Bases, and Salts
Metals and nonmetals
Carbon Compounds
Periodic Classification of elements
World of Living Life Processes 50
Control and Co-ordination in animals and Plants
Heredity and Evolution
Natural Phenomena Natural Phenomena 23
Effects of Current Effects of current 32
Magnetic effects of current
Natural Resources Sources of Energy 20
Our Environment
Management of Natural Resources

Internal Assessment Syllabus for Class 10th Science

  1. Periodic Assessment (10 Marks)
  2. Subject Enrichment (Practical, 5 Marks)
  3. Portfolio (5 Marks)

Prescribed Books for CBSE Class 10 Science

The prescribed books for Class 10 science by CBSE according to the syllabus and course curriculum is given below.

  1. Textbook for Class 10th Science – NCERT Publication
  2. Lab Manual for 10th Science – NCERT Publication
  3. Exemplar Problems for Science Class 10 – NCERT Publication

Download PDF of CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus PDF

CBSE Class 10 Science syllabus is also available in PDF file. Download the PDF file of the 10th science syllabus and this Science Syllabus is also available on the CBSE academic official site.

In this 10th Class Science syllabus PDF, the syllabus is described in-depth and is summarised unit, chapter, and topic wise along with Marks and Periods distribution. Also, there is a question paper design/blueprint for 10th class Science for this academic session 2021.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Social Science (SST) (2021)

The course structure of class 10 Social Science includes History, Geography, Political Science, and Economics. And some topics of Sociology and Commerce are also included in the syllabus. Social Science is a totally theory based subject and divided into 4 major units.

Social Science aka SST (Social Science Technology). CBSE Class 10 Social Science syllabus develop by CBSE. The main goal of the Social science syllabus is:

  1. To understand India Geographically, Economically.
  2. Understand and know India’s history before and after freedom.
  3. Political awareness.
  4. Indian economics, development, and issues.

The maximum marks for Class 10th Social Science including theory and internal assessment are 100. 80 Marks for the Annual Board exam and 20 Marks for Internal assessment. The course structure of Class 10 Social Science Unit, periods, and marks wise given below in the table.

CBSE Class 10 Social Science (SST) Syllabus (2021)
Unit Name Number of Periods Marks
India and the Contemporary World – II 60 20
Contemporary India – II 55 20
Democratic Politics – II 50 20
Understanding Economic Development 50 20
total 215 80

There are 4 units with a total of 24 chapters in the 10th SST. The Syllabus content of CBSE class 10th Social Science is described briefly unit and chapter wise along with the number of periods in the table given below.

Class 10th SST Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World – II
Section Chapter
Events and Processes The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
Nationalism in India
Livelihoods, Economies, and Societies
(Any one of the following)
The Making of a Global World
The Age of Industrialization
Everyday Life, culture and Politics Print Culture and the Modern World
Class 10th SST Unit 2: Contemporary India- II
1. Resources and Development
2. Forest and Wildlife
3. Water Resources
4. Agriculture
5. Minerals and Energy Resources
6. Manufacturing Industries
7. Life Lines of National Economy

Important Note: The chapter ‘Water Resources’ and ‘Forest and Wildlife’ are only meant to be learning and internal assessments and tests. These chapters are not meant for the Board exam.

Class 10th SST Unit 3: Democratic Politics- II
1. Power Sharing
2. Federalism
3. Democracy and Diversity
4. Gender, Religion, and Caste
5. Popular Struggles and Movements
6. Political Parties
7. Outcomes of Democracy
Challenges to Democracy

Note: The Chapters ‘Democracy and Diversity’, ‘Popular Struggles and Movements’, and ‘Challenges to Democracy’ are only for learning and internal tests. These chapters will not be included in the board exam.

Class 10th SST Unit 4: Contemporary India- II
1. Development
2. Sectors of the Indian Economy
3. Money and Credit
4. Globalization and the Indian Economy
5. Consumer Rights

Note: Chapter ‘Consumer rights’ is meant for Project Work.

The internal assessment of 10th class Social Science includes sessional tests, portfolio, and project work. The class 10 SST syllabus is briefly explained in the PDF given here.

Books Recommended by CBSE For Class 10 Social Science

Students are advised to follow the latest edition (2021) of NCERT textbooks. Here are 5 books for class 10th SST recommended by CBSE.

  1. NCERT – India and the Contemporary World -II (History textbook)
  2. NCERT – Contemporary India – II (Geography textbook)
  3. NCERT – Democratic Politics – II (Political Science textbook)
  4. NCERT – Understanding Economic Development
  5. CBSE – Together Towards a Safer India – Part III (Disaster Management textbook)

Download PDF of CBSE Syllabus For Class 10 Social Science

The PDF of Class 10th SST (Social Science) includes the brief syllabus of all units of SST subject, Project work detail, List of Map items, and internal assessment. Download the SST syllabus PDF from the link given below.

The syllabus of Social Science given in this PDF has one major feature is Learning objectives. every chapter of SST has its own learning objectives. Reading the syllabus, students will know how and why Social Science is important.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 English (2021)

CBSE Class 10th English subject is known as ‘English Language and Literature’ and Code No. is 184. There are a total of three sections and the total weight of English is 80 Marks.

In Class 10 English syllabus, The three sections are Reading, Writing, and Literature. The Annual board exam will be of 80 marks (3 Hours)  and internal assessment of 20 Marks which makes a total of 100 Marks for the English Board exam.

The Internal assessment covers 50 periods and the syllabus includes listening skills as well as speaking skills of the student.

Section Wise Marks distribution For class 10 English (Language and literature) 2021

CBSE Syllabus For Class 10 English (2021)
Section Section Name Total Marks
A Reading Skills 20
B Writing Skills with Grammar 30
C Literature Textbooks and Supplementary Reading Text 30
Total 80

English Section A: Reading

For the Reading section, the number of periods is 50 and consists of 20 Marks. In this section, there will be two unseen passages. The First will be a factual passage (300-350 words) with 8 MCQs and the second will be a discursive passage (350-400 words) with 4 short answer type questions and 4 MCQs.

English Section B: Writing and Grammar

Writing and Grammar section consists of 30 Marks and a total of 60 Periods. The Writing syllabus of this section includes article/letter/inquiry/placing order with a limit of (100-150 words) and short story writing based on given headlines (150-200 words).

The Grammar syllabus of this section includes tenses, modals, active/passive voice, subject-verb concord, reporting, clauses, determiners, and prepositions. These topics will be asked in the board exam with different question types such as gap filling, editing or omission, sentences reordering, etc.

English Section C: Literature Textbooks and Supplementary Reading Text

The syllabus of this section is based on textbooks recommended by CBSE. There are three types of questions in this section which are MCQs, Short Answer type questions, and Long Answer type questions.

This section consists of a total of 30 marks with a total of 60 periods. A brief explanation of the CBSE Class 10th English syllabus is given in the PDF file below.

Download PDF of CBSE Syllabus For Class 10 English

The syllabus PDF of CBSE Class 10 English includes the in-depth syllabus of all three sections of English subject with guidelines. This English syllabus PDF is official and issued by CBSE academic site.

In this PDF syllabus of Class 10th English, CBSE also included the blueprint/questions paper design for the upcoming board exam 2020 and guidelines for internal assessment

Class 10 English Textbooks recommended by CBSE

  • NCERT – First Flight (textbook)
  • NCERT – Footprints Without Feet (Supplementary Reader textbook)

CBSE did not prescribe textbooks for the Reading and Writing section. However, students are advised to prepare for these sections by themselves and concern with the subject teacher for the textbook suggestion.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Hindi (2021)

CBSE circulates two courses for Class 10th Hindi subject which are:

  1. Hindi Course A (Code 002)
  2. Hindi Course B (Code 085)

CBSE Class 10th Hindi Course A Syllabus

Hindi Course A includes two textbooks Kshitij Part -2 (क्षितिज भाग -2) and Kritika Part – 2 (कृतिका भाग -2). Hindi A syllabus divides into four sections which are Reading, Grammar, Literature (Textbooks), and Writing. Here is the table for section-wise mark distribution.

Class 10 Hindi Course A Syllabus
Section Total Marks
Reading 15
Grammar 15
Literature 30
Writing 20
Grand Total 80

CBSE Class 10th Hindi Course B Syllabus

Class 10 Hindi course B also has 4 sections same as Hindi course A but there is little difference in the mark distribution. Hindi B also has two textbooks which are Sparsh Part – 2 (स्पर्श भाग 2) and Sanchayan Part – 2  (संचयन भाग 2). Section-wise Marks distribution for Hindi B syllabus is given in the table below.

Class 10th Hindi Course B Syllabus
Section Total Marks
Reading 15
Grammar 15
Literature 25
Writing 25
Grand Total 80

Download PDF of CBSE Syllabus For Class 10 Hindi (Course A and B)

Here are the two PDF files for each course of class 10th Hindi Syllabus. The Hindi syllabus PDF is a complete syllabus with explanations and for both teachers and students.

This PDF file of the Hindi syllabus is issued by CBSE Academic itself and the syllabus includes curriculum and guidelines for the annual board exam.

Conclusion on CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2021

The syllabus of Class 10th CBSE for 2021 which is given in this article is originally issued by the CBSE. The CBSE syllabus is also available on the official site of CBSE academic i.e.,

If you have any doubt on this article or related to the syllabus of class 10th then you can ask in the comment section below.

Add a Comment
  1. I want to get class 10 sample paper. where can i download the CBSE class 10th sample papers 2020 – 21?

  2. Can you say that this syllabus is going to take place in 2021 examination

    1. Prof. Mohan Singh Rawat

      Considering the current situation, i don’t think that they will have any time to make changes to syllabus in 2021. With all the lock down going on, there are very few chances of change in syllabus. So yes, most probably the same syllabus will continue in 2021.

  3. Thanks for serving us… i really appreciate your article.

  4. Maninder singh gill

    Thanks sir for helping us

  5. Internal assessments distribution of 20 marks in sst, maths, sci, eng, hin, sanskrit

  6. Thank you for providing syllabus of board examination.

  7. Thnx sir for helping us by providing following information for our 10th boards and this info reduces my pressure and tension.

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