In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.
• (A) If only conclusion I follows
• (B) If only conclusion II follows
• (C) If either I or II follows
• (D) If neither I nor II follows and
• (E) If both I and II follow
Q 1.Statements: India’s economy is depending mainly on forests.
(I) Trees should be preserved to improve Indian economy.
(II) India wants only maintenance of forests to improve economic conditions.
Q 2.Statements: Company X has a record of manufacturing cameras of quality and the latest design so that you do not spoil even a single shot irrespective of the weather conditions.
(I) No other company except X is reputed in the camera industry.
(II) Anyone can take an acceptable shot with camera X.
Q 3.Statements: I know nothing except the fact of my ignorance.
(I) Writer’s knowledge is very poor.
(II) The world of knowledge is too vast to be explored by a single person.
Q 4.Statements: The President of XYZ Party indicated that 25 independent Members of Legislative Assembly (MLA) are seriously considering various options of joining some political party. But in any case all of them collectively will join one party only.
(I) The 25 independent MLAs will join XYZ party in a short period of time.
(II) The 25 independent MLAs will join some other political party in a short period of time.
Q 5.Statements:The interview panel may select a candidate who neither possesses the desired qualifications nor the values and attributes.
(I) The inclusion of specialists on the interview panel does not guarantee that the selection will be proper.
(II) The interview test has certain limitations in the matter of selection of candidates.
Q 6.Statements: Adversity makes a man wise.
(I) The poor are wise.
(II) Man learns from bitter experience.
Q 7.Statements: Good voice is a natural gift but one has to keep practising to improve and excel well in the field of music.
(I) Natural gifts need nurturing and care.
(II) Even though your voice is not good, one can keep practising.
Q 8.Statements: The Bank of England’s move to auction 25 metric tons of gold drew plenty of bidders looking for a bargain, but was criticised by major gold producers worldwide.
(I) The Bank of England should not auction gold which it possesses to keep steady international prices of gold.
(II) Bidders should quote higher gold prices to retain the present value of gold in the international markets.
Q 9.Statements: If all players play to their full potential, we will win the match. We have won the match.
(I) All players played to their full potential.
(II) Some players did not play to their full potential.
Q 10.Statements: In India, more emphasis should be placed on areas such as agriculture, engineering and technology instead of basic and pure sciences.
(I) India has achieved sufficient progress in basic and pure sciences.
(II) In the past, the productivity factor in our economy was neglected.
Q 11.Statements: The ‘Official Secrets Act’ (OSA) enacted by the ABC government during the war seems to be one of the major source of corruption in the country X.
(I) The OSA has to be abolished immediately to put an end to the corruption in the country X.
(II) The ABC government had an intention of encouraging corruption in the government offices.
Q 12.Statements: Any young man, who makes dowry as a condition for marriage, discredits himself and dishonours womanhood.
(I) Those who take dowry in marriage should be condemned by society.
(II) Those who do not take dowry in marriage respect womanhood.
Q 13.Statements: Leaders, who raise much hue and cry about the use of Hindi, generally send their children to English medium schools.
(I) India lacks good Hindi medium schools.
(II) There is a world of difference between preaching and practising.
Q 14.Statements: The secret of success is constancy of purpose.
(I) Constant dripping wears the stone.
(II) Single-minded devotion is necessary for achieving success.
Q 15.Statements: The Minister questioned the utility of the space research programme and suggested its replacement by other areas of felt national needs.
(I) Exploring the space does not contribute to critical national needs.
(II) Research should be oriented to national needs.
Q 16.Statements: The commissioner of police has appealed people not to put up banners which obstruct pedestrian or motor traffic.
(I) Some of the people may respond and will not put up such banners.
(II) Policemen will have to keep a watchful eye on the new banners which are being put up on the roads.
Q 17.Statements: About 50 percent of the animal by-products – hair, skin, horns etc. is edible protein. American chemists have developed a method of isolating 45 percent of this protein. They used an enzyme developed in Japan to break down soya protein.
(I) Americans have not been able to develop enzymes.
(II) Animal by-products protein has the same composition as soya protein.
Q 18.Statements: For over three decades Company X has been totally involved in energy conservation, its efficient use and management.
(I) The Company has yet to learn and acquire basic things in this area.
(II) It is dedication that is more important than knowledge and expertise.
Q 19.Statements: This book ‘Z’ is the only book which focuses its attention to the problem of poverty in India between 1950 and 1980.
(I) There was no question of poverty before 1950.
(II) No other book deals with poverty in India during 1950 to 1980.