Indian Army GD physical eligibility, selection process(Bharti) details

Selection Process
Download sample papers

The Indian Army is known as Thal Sena(भारतीय थलसेना) in Hindi, having the largest number of soldiers(Sainik) in it. This territorial army of India has proved to be a great defense system, and hence, a vast number of youth from different states of India want to join Indian army.

The Indian Army has a regimental system(Regiments of different states) which is then divided into 7 commands on the basis of operations and geographic locations.

Hello, my name is Ashok, and in this article, you will get all the details like Indian Army GD Eligibility, Indian Army GD Selection/Bharti Process, Indian Army GD Physical Criteria, Syllabus, written test and the procedures on How to Join Indian Army GD.

Check eligibility

Indian Army GD is a part of general duty section, where the real defense soldiers exist, this includes the Rifleman, the land defence force, fighting troops, drivers, operators, gunners etc. And it also includes Army Service Corps (ASC), Army Medical Corps (AMC) on drivers, Ordnance, General Duties, operators etc. Below are the complete details about the Bharti process for Indian Army GD.

But before I proceed, let me tell you that you should know all the advantages and disadvantages of joining the Indian army by reading why to join Indian army.

How To Join Indian Army GD(General Duty) – Eligibility And Qualifications

In order to join the Indian army, you must have the following qualifications and physical qualities.
Educational and physical criteria include the following points.

Join Indian Army General Duty Standards
Boost your motivation by watching the Indian army training videos that we are offering.

1. Educational Qualifications

In order to join the Indian Army GD, the candidate must be Matriculation passed, or some equivalent examination with the subjects Science and English. This is the minimum educational requirement to get entry in Indian army GD(NER) exam.

2. Age Required

The Age group of the candidate must fall between 17½ to 21 years, as per original documents of the candidate.

3. Nationality For Indian Army GD

In order to maintain the integrity, the defence government of India has set the following rules for nationality to join the Indian army from same or different countries. The criteria for nationality is as follow.

  1. All the candidates from India can join Indian army(qualified with above qualifications).
  2. Candidate having the nationality of Nepal and Bhutan can join Indian Army.
  3. The permanently settled Tibetan refugee in India, who came to India before 1st of January of 1962 can also apply.
  4. A person migrated from Sri Lanka and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, Pakistan, Burma the United Republic of Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zaire and Ethiopia and Vietnam and settled permanently in India can also join Indian army.

Candidates falling in point 2, 3 and 4 should have the certificate(Regarding the nationality) in their own favour issued by the Indian government.

However if a candidate belongs to Nepal or a Gorkha subjects are not necessarily required the certificate of eligibility of nationality.

4. Marital Status

Candidate should be Unmarried Male following all the above points.

5. Physical Standards and Eligibility

In order to recruit the best candidates, there are sets of physical standards formed by Indian defence government. The physical Criteria are as follow.

  • The height of the candidate must be of 167Cm. This criterion can be relaxed according to the region of the candidates and mostly for Gorkha candidates.
  • Minimum chest of the candidate after the expansion should not be less than 77cm, there must be a minimum expansion of 5cm.
  • The Weight of the candidate should not be less than 50 kg.
  • The candidate must be free from the communicable diseases and cardiovascular, infections, surgeries etc. Candidate should not have a past of some mental disease. Nose, ear and throat must be perfectly working.

Physical Standards according to the region of the candidate

Region Height Weight Chest
Ladakhi Candidates 158 cm 50 Kg 77 cm
Nepalese, Indians and Gurkhas 157 cm 48 Kg 77 cm
Lakshadweep Group including Minicoy, Andaman Nicobar Islands 165 cm 50 Kg 77 cm
The Locals Candidates 155 cm 50 Kg 77 cm
Recognised tribal areas 162 cm 48 Kg 77 cm
Brigade of the Guards 173 cm 50 Kg 77 cm
Med Arty 170 cm 50 Kg 77 cm
Corps of Military Police 173 cm 50 Kg 77 cm
Clerks GD/SKT 162 cm 50 Kg 77 cm

The above physical criteria can change according to the situations and regions of the candidate, but these are the standards decided for the recruitment process.

Indian Army GD Selection Process(Bharti) details

Following steps are required, to become a Soldier/Sepoy in Army?


Step 1: Form Filling

The very first step is to find the advertisement on sources like employment newspaper, the internet or by contacting the nearest recruiting office of your zone. The dates are then announced on notice boards and media sources which include the important information about the required documents like Educational Certificates, Extra physical activities certificates, Birth certificate, Character certificate, Domicile and number of passport size photos.

After filling all the required details and attaching all attested documents, the form is then submitted to the nearest recruitment office. Next step is to wait for the admit card which will carry the information like date, time and place about the Bharti. According to latest trend you can download the admit card online and take a printout of it.

Step 2: Physical

This is one of the most important steps during the Bharti process which carries 100 marks depending upon the different physical activities known as physical fitness test(PFT), activities include the following.

Note the figures written below should be taken as standard figures, and these figures may vary according to the place and the time.

  • 1-mile run is the primary step of selection process every candidate has to run about 1 mile. Lesser the time you cover 1 mile, more will be the marks you get. The standard marks distribution is as follow.
    1. 60 marks for – 5.40 min.
    2. 48 marks for – 5.41 min.
    3. 36 marks for – 5.51 min.
    4. 24 marks for – 6.01 min.

    Please note that from 1 April 2017, the rules of 1.6 km racing will be changed.

  • Pull Ups comes after the 1-mile run and hence the second phase of physical fitness test, more the pull ups the candidate do, more will be the marks he will get, the standard marks distribution is as follow.
    1. more than 10 pull ups – 40 marks
    2. for 9 pull ups – 32 marks
    3. 8 pull ups – 28 marks
    4. 7 pull ups – 21 marks
    5. 6 pull ups – 16 marks
  • Balancing and jumping are the last steps of physical fitness test since this is a qualifying test hence, no marks are awarded for this step. Balancing includes that how good a candidate is in balancing himself, this is tested by climbing and walking on ropes. In standard jumping, a candidate has to jump a 9 feet ditch. These steps are important. If a candidate has scored good marks in above two physical fitness test and could not qualify the balancing and jumping, then he will be kicked out.

Step 3: Medical Test

To join Indian army, a candidate must be medically fit so that he can serve his country with his best. A candidate has to pass a number of medical tests to join Indian army. The Candidate should be medically fit for the following points.

  • Candidate should not be suffering from any mental disease. Candidate should be free from diseases/disabilities and must possess a good physique. Candidate should not have body defects such as overweight etc.
  • The chest of a candidate should be well developed and in a good shape, there must be a minimum expansion of 5 cm during the chest measuring test.
  • Candidate should be free from bone diseases and bone joint defects, each important bone joints are examined during the medical test.
  • Your hearing, viewing and speaking ability should be very clear. Candidate having disease or problem in their ears, eyes and throat will be rejected.
  • Candidate must not have organic diseases such as disease related to heart and vessels. The blood pressure should also be under the limits.
  • Candidate must not possess any disease regarding internal organs such as liver, kidneys, spleen etc, having such diseases can give you a rejection.
  • Urine examination is also done during the medical process.
  • Your teeth should be in good condition.

Step 4: Written Test

If a candidate has qualified all the criteria given above then the candidate has to clear a written test called Indian Army General Duty(NER) exam.

This is a common entrance exam(CEE) which is conducted on 4th Sunday of each month except March, June, September and December, for different government job areas. This exam consists of 4 sections general knowledge, Maths, General science, basic computer questions. For general duty recruitment, there is only one paper which has the time limit of 1 hour and carries 100 marks in total.

A candidate must score minimum 32 marks to pass this exam.

Note: the ‘C’ certificate Holders candidates are not necessarily to give this written exam, but they must fulfill all the other requirements mentioned above in this article.

1. General Knowledge – 30% marks

Make you GK strong by practicing Army GD General knowledge question and answers that we are offering.

 Topic Questions From
Abbreviations National and International
Sports National and International
Awards & Prizes National awards, Gallantry awards, Nobel prizes
History Important dates & battles in Indian and world History and Landmarks of Indian History, national movement.
Geography Solar System, Space exploration, The Earth, Principal Peaks, Deserts, Rivers, Lakes and famous Waterfalls, Geographical Tallest, Biggest and Longest etc.
Terminology Geographical terms, Economic terms, Astronomical terms, Legal terms and Misc terms.
Other Topics  UNO, Indian Armed Forces, Indian Towns, States, and UTs, Institutions and research stations, International space stations and festivals of India and world, Indian News Agencies and Dailies, Continents and Sub Continent, Inventions and Discoveries, Environment, The Constitution of India, Religious Communities and Principal Languages, National and International Days, International Organizations, Books and Authors, The world of  plants and animals, Current Affairs and “Who`s Who”.

2. General Science – 40% marks

Click on the link given if you want to practice Army GD General Science questions.

Topic Questions From
Human Body Food and nutrition, disease and prevention, vitamins and their uses.
Physics General Physics(Related to day to day activities)
Chemistry General Chemistry(Related to day to day activities)
Biology General Biology(Related to day to day activities)
Medical Terms Name of diseases and terms used in medical science.
Scientific Terms Commonly used scientific terms in daily life also includes  Research Institutes in India

3. Mathematics – 30% marks

 Topic  Questions From
Arithmetic Unitary method, time, work and distance, simple interest, numbers, HCF, LCF, Decimal, fraction, square roots, percentage, average, ratio and proportion, partnership, profit, and loss.
Algebra Basic operations and factorization, HCF and LCM, quadratic equations.
Geometry Lines and angles, triangles, quadrilaterals, and parallelograms and circles.
Mensuration Area and perimeters of Squares, rectangles, parallelograms and circles, volume and surface area of cube, cuboids, cone, cylinders and sphere.

Ranks For General Duty Soldier

As all of you must be aware that after the 6th and 7th pay commission, the future of a GD soldier is very bright in Indian army. There are so many benefits of being in the army like you get the free medical services etc. though the commission is deducted each month from the salary for such facilities, yet they are very beneficial.

Now if you are wondering how high can you go in aspects of both rank and salary, then below is the rank and salary structure that a GD soldier can go for:

  • You will be recruited for the post of Sepoy first, the basic grade pay for this post is around Rs. 1800.
  • The next post that you will be promoted to is lance naik and you will get the basic grade pay of somewhat around Rs. 2000.
  • Naik is the next higher post that you will be promoted to, and the basic grade pay of this post will be Rs. 2400 approx.
  • Next level will be the Havildar and the basic grade pay for this post is Rs. 2800.
  • Naib Subedar will be the next higher post and the basic grade pay for this will be Rs. 4200.
  • When you get promoted to the post of Subedar then the basic grade pay gets to Rs. 4600.
  • And the last post that you can get to is Subedar Major and the basic grade pay for this post is Rs. 4800.

Starting from the post of sepoy the maximum a candidate recruited in GD can go is SM(Subedar Major) post.

Please note that the above-given information about the salaries may not be 100% accurate.

See: Rank Wise Salary In Indian Army

Indian Army General Duty Sample And Previous Year Papers

If you are preparing to join the Indian army then you will need to work very hard, as these days the competition is very high. As for physical, you will need to put all your efforts, especially in the running part. And to crack the written exam, you will need to practice the sample and previous years papers which are given below.

Click below buttons to download the previous year and sample papers regarding Indian Army GD.

GD sample papers

Hope this article was helpful for you. Please feel free to write your comments.

How To Prepare For Army Army Online Test Indian Army Books Apply Online

  1. Sir, mujhe idea chahiye ki mai Indian army ke liye kaise preparation karu,
    aur uske forms kab aate hain?

  2. dear sir,

    my name is sarjan budha I want to enroll in Indian Army and I Belong to nepal country but i dont know were summit the application with supporting documents. Request intimate the address of recruitment office so i can easily summit my application also request to inform nepali person recruitment office in India.

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hello sarjan, you can get everything that your asking from the official Indian army website which is

  3. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

    Hi Yusuf, laser operation is allowed in army, but after that you should have a correct vision (as per army rules).

  4. Harish singh dangwal

    Jai hind,
    I am Harish from Uttrakhand (India).
    Sir, I have one problem in my feet called flat foot. Am I fit for medical?
    Is there any solution to get ride of this problem?

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hello Harish,
      Unfortunately, you are not medically fit to join Indian army. And as far as I know, there is not treatment for this problem except for surgery (in extreme case).

  5. Jai hind sir,
    Sir mere hath me facture hogaya tha bachpan me. Uska maine army hospital me operation kraya, mere father army se retire hai, aur mai bhi army me jana chata hu. but mere hath pe thode se tanke ke nisan hain. Maine army echs me karnal shab se bat ki, wo kahte hain sahi hai, aur mujhe problem kuch nahi hoti. Sir aap btao mai diploma in mechanical engineering pass hun technical line ya skt ja skta hun kya? jaldi hi relational bharti hai.

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hi Nitin, I don’t think that you will face any problem in medical. SO, relax and give it your best. All the best.

  6. Sir, mere dono legs apas me touch ho jate hai, kya mai army join kar sakta hu? relation certificate bhi hai, father army se hai kya me ho jaunga select?

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hi Vijender, Most of the candidates having this problem are rejected in medical test. You can try your luck.

  7. Hello sir, army ka physical hone ke baad usi din medical hota hai kya?
    Mere middle ungli toot gayi the aur wo apne aap hi theek ho gyi, par uske uper wale part me blood jam gaya. Koi dard ya another problem nahi hoti hai, kya mai medical me fit ho jaunga?

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hi Vikash,
      Usually the medical is done on the next day of bharti, but it may change if required by officials. And as for your medical condition, that should not be problem, but I can not 100% sure about it.

  8. Dear sir, my name is Sarjan Buddha I am from Nepal. My education is 10th pass & age 02 June 1994. Mai join kar Sakta hu?

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hi Sarjan, you are not eligible to apply for army soldier GD, but you can apply for other trades.

  9. Sir jai hind.
    Sir mera ek tooth sahi shape me nahi hai, to army ke medical me koi problem hogi kya?

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hi Hemant,
      You need to get 14 dental point, if you get all the 14 points then it will not matter.

    2. Sir mera ek teeth hi sahi shape me nahi hai, to matlab mujhko medical me koi problem nahi hogi na? Aur sir, race me kitna time milta hai gd ke liye.

    3. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Yes Hemant, you will not face any problem. And there is no fixed time to complete the race, the time will be set according to the first candidate that will clear the race. E.g if some clear the race withing 4 minutes then the time will be set according to that. Generally 5 minutes are set as excellent time.

  10. Dear sir,
    Mere dono testis equal nhi hai, thoda sa size Mei difference hai, but koi bhi pain or any other problem nhi hai. Kya Mai army or police join kar sakta hoon?

  11. Hi! sir, I am Damodar from Nepal. What is the highest rank for Nepali in Indian army? Sir,in Nepal, the Indian army rally opens only for rank of soldier, so that we can’t directly fight for higher rank. what should we do to fight for higher rank?

  12. mere right hand main ek chota sa tattoo hai. kya Indian army me medical main koie problem hogi?

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      As per new rules tattoo up to some specifications is allowed. Please type the following link in your browser to read the new tattoo policy of Indian army : Hope this will help you Santi.

  13. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

    Yes Sachin, you are eligible to apply for Indian army.

  14. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

    Hi Nikhil, sadly you are not eligible to apply for army GD.

  15. abhishek kumar nigam

    Sir, meri clavicle bone broken ho gai hai, per Maine operation nahi karwaya. Kya mai Indian army join kar sakta hoon? please reply.

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hello Abhishek,
      Chances are that you will be declared unfit in medical test. But, you can try your luck, maybe if it do not cause any problem in proper functioning of all the physical task, then you can have chances of making it through.

  16. sir, can a bow shaped legs man apply for Indian army? and what is maximum age and minimum height and percentage for 10th pass from j&k to join Indian army?

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hi Deepak,
      sadly, people with bowlegs are rejected in Indian army.

  17. Sir, meri right hand ki finger me chot hai. Will there be any problem in army medical?

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hello Vinod,
      It will depend on the seriousness of your injury. Perhaps, if you specify the injury, then I will be able to provide accurate answer.

  18. Sir, maine abhi army me physical pass kar liya tha, aur medical main 1 double Urethral meatus me unfit kar diya hai.
    Please suggest me, mera 5th ko remedical hai, kya mai fit ho jaunga?

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hi Pradeep,
      if you have been rejected once due this problem, then there are chances that you will be rejected again. So, make sure you treat this problem well.

  19. Hello sir, mai sugandh kumar, mai nios se 10th pass hun. Mai army gd join kar sakta hun kya?

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hello Sugandh,
      Ji haan, aap army join kar sakte hain.

  20. Sir, can a person with strabismus join Indian army.

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hello! Sanjay,
      sadly, a person with strabismus eye can not join Indian army.

  21. Hello sir, maine 12th nios board se pcm ke saath kiya hai. Kya yeh valid hai army ke liye? please
    sir reply, I am in doubt. PLease help me sir.

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hello Jitendar,
      agar aap 12th passed hai to aap army ke liye apply kar sakte hain, chahe kisi bhi board se ho. But, board legal hona chahiye.

    2. Thank you for clearing my doubt sir.
      Sir NIOS board ICSE and CBSE ke equal hot hai, to ye legal hai. Thank you very much sir.

  22. Aadab sir, I am Safeer. Army main join karne ke liye koun koun se documents ka hona zaruri hai. Please reply.

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hello! Safeer,
      Please follow this link : Army online registration. In this article all the important details like, important documents are mentioned.

  23. Dear sir,
    Main Indian army me clerk lagna chahta hun. Maine EYE (LASIK LASER) karvaya tha, 2 year ho gaye hain. To kya yeh allowed hai.

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Yes, LASIK is allowed in Indian army, but following are the rules for it:-
      1. you should be more than 20 years old before you undergo this surgery.
      2. the surgery should be at least 6 months old.
      3. eye ball length not more than 25.5mm.
      4. corneal thickness greater than 450 microns.
      5. +2.5D to -2.5D is allowed.
      So, if you fit in these criteria, then you can apply for Indian army.

  24. I am 34 years old and work in a bank. I suffered from HBV (Hepatitis B), and due to a accident, I have a road in my leg. I am interested to join Indian army as a territorial army. Do i have a chance? Thankyou.

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hi Astad,
      sadly, you are not eligible to join Indian army.

  25. Sir, I had a tattoo earlier, I burnt that area, and now there is a mark on my upper left hand on right site of my biceps. Will I be rejected due to that mark?

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hi! Ranu,
      If the burn mark is not that big, and if the tattoo is completely invisible, then you have chances of not getting rejected.

  26. Hello sir,
    I am 20 year old, and I want to join Indian army as an officer, but my english and hindi communication is not good but I can understand clearly. So, does communication brings any problem? and which exam do I have to write? please reply me.

    1. Prof. Rajeev Mehra

      Hi! Raj,
      You can go for Combined Defence Services (CDS) Examination, but you need to have graduation degree to apply for it.
      And yes, communication is very important to crack any interview. Therefore, you need to work on your communication skills.

Comments are closed.